Mycosis Dogs The term indicates a fungal infection that generally all the diseases caused by fungi (also known as the fungi). Only a hundred fungal species, thousands of existing, current state of knowledge, are capable of producing disease in humans or animals. Of these species, are even less obvious ones that cause diseases in animals, much less humans. Often, they just create discomfort to the skin, or stay on animals that remain for many years or for life carriers.Commonly, however, fungal diseases are divided into four groups depending on the type of affected tissue. We, therefore, depending on the severity of the settlement fungal: deep or systemic mycosis originally affecting internal organs, subcutaneous mycosis affecting the skin, the subcutaneous tissue and bone, skin mycosis affecting the skin, hair and nails, superficial mycoses that affect only the hair and the state's outer skin.The fungus, however, as the disease is fairly common in dogs, because highly contagious and not only from subject to subject a healthy patient, but also through vehicles such as non-living objects, clothing and so on. This is because the fungus survives well without too much trouble for a long time and the spores produced by the fungus are maintained for years, nestling in every possible facility or upholstery. Rarely, a fungal disease is fatal, if it becomes loose is because more diseases and conditions which then will follow along with attention to it. The superficial mycoses are also called dermatophytosis. It is quite contagious infectious diseases that attack the hair of the animal, its stratum corneum, and his nails. They are caused by fungi called dermatophytes, which belong mainly to the genera Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton. The first fungus, the fungus is the main culprit of not only dogs but also cats and rabbits with 49% of the total cases. Not only the animals can transmit fungi to humans, human dermatophytosis may be at risk even be transmitted by the owner (which acts as a healthy carrier) animal.This disease presents with skin lesions, areas of alopecia (bald), often with much itching and pustules, which are distributed in patches localized or, sometimes, on the whole body including upper and lower limbs and head. In the first stage the disease is a dot or a red circle, which gradually hand, with advancing disease cycle expands outward.The fungus, as more annoying than really dangerous, requires a timely intervention by the veterinarian, who will in a short time to compile an accurate diagnosis and scongiurer┐ the risk of confusing the disease with others. This is necessary because it allows specific treatment of the problem. So it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible if your dog is identified in one or more skin lesions are not related to trauma from scratching or bruising.Should immediately isolate the sick dog in a place that you can easily clean and sanitize all, the environment constantly disinfecting with bleach or undiluted formaldehyde to 1% `. In cases of fungal lesions is important to continue to maintain a proper cleansing of hair and skin of the sick dog, of course, doing emphasis in the comb, so as not to traumatize the skin and worsen already compromised.If the disease affects a dog sleeping on the best temporary solution to facilitate a rapid recovery and healing of the skin is the shearing. You may also want to replace or thoroughly disinfected, all possible sources of infection (eg, kennels, mats, blankets ..) and carefully disinfecting the vehicles upon which the animal may have traveled. Only when examining the culture of the hair is completely negative we can be sure that our beloved dog is finally cured of fungal infection. The deep mycoses affect one or more internal organs. I can, if not stopped in time, to cause ulceration of the mucous membranes and the formation of granulomas, nodules and abscesses of the lungs, brain, liver, spleen, or bone. Precipitation clinics typically occur when the fungus is able to reach and settle in the cellular tissue of internal organs. Unlike external fungus, highly contagious but not dangerous, deep fungal diseases become a more serious problem remaining in the complex rather little contagious.Although mainly affecting the adult dog, this type of disease can have fatal nature. The level of susceptibility to the fungus grows exponentially in individuals under stress, with a compromised immune system from long treatment with antibiotics and steroids, or recovery after interventions. The possibility of transmission from dogs to humans is internal mycosis in this case exists only in theory. These fungal infections are very dangerous not only because it involves sensitive equipment and facilities but also because, through the bloodstream, they can reach other organs calling into serious and difficult to treat diseases. This is among the most feared disease in general, because the risk of infection to humans is very high. Although this disease, which in effect is also more common among fungal forms, is inoculated by dermatophytes, parasites of animals and of man to take root and settle on epithelial cells (skin, hair and nails). The main agents that Ringworm is due to have "Microsporum" and "Tricophyton", affecting especially young dogs, and immunocompromised adults.The disease presents with an injury fairly typical, circular in shape, which tends to converge towards a central point and can get to undermine much of the dog's skin. The infected parts first, then begin to lose hair whole host of areas covered with pustules that can produce and let the liquid spill material untuoso.La diagnosis is based both on the study of the characteristics of the lesions on both outpatient diagnostic methods (such as tests and other examinations) as the `observation of injuries to the Wood's lamp or culture of the offending spores of the fungus in a particular land.Ringworm is a disease that definitely does not last long and can heal spontaneously in healthy dogs, but the fact remains that it is necessary to treat the dogs well with this typical form of fungus, in order to stem the contagion to other animals, to avoid contamination environment and allow a prompt and speedy recovery for our dear friend the dog. Aspergillosis is a fungal infection caused by a fungus belonging to the type species of Aspergillus, which takes its name. It primarily affects the nasal cavity and respiratory system. There are examples of aspergillosis, which affects the whole body of the dog with serious implications. Nasal aspergillosis is a form that affects localized pathological nose, ears and sinuses and is usually caused by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In dogs with long noses medium was found a high probability of getting nasal aspergillosis.German shepherds, for example, are most susceptible to this fungal infection than other breeds. Short-nosed breeds, or crushed, such as pugs, bulldogs and Pekingese in a few rather incur risks. A preceding illness untreated nasal tissue completely or prolonged antibiotic therapy predisposes to nasal infections. As with other types of mycosis, those debilitated by long rehabilitation therapies, or interventions, or stress have weakened immune systems (diabetes disease or chemotherapy) are more susceptible to the spread of the disease.There is no longer bound between the ages of other dogs to contract the disease, but clinical studies have revealed that forty percent of treated cases is found in people under the age of three and sixty percent of the remaining ageless less than seven years. The relevance of the problems that entails on the body of the dog aspergillosis varies depending on its location, in particular varies greatly if only limited to the nasal cavity, or is scattered all over the body.Many nasal infections are able to be successfully eradicated, are for the most common infections in general to fall on the body of the dog as potentially proving fatal for those who may catch them. The most common symptoms dell'aspergillosi are: the presence of open sores around the nostrils, pain or discomfort localized only on the face, pus or blood coming out alive from the nasal discharge.The nasal aspergillosis can be a disease that creates some difficulties in the diagnosis, you use many different types of diagnostic tests because no single test can confirm with absolute certainty only by a correct diagnosis. The total test run to obtain a precise diagnosis and truthful are usually bacterial culture of nasal discharge and nasal swab, with the hope that the colony of fungi is located deep in the ethmoid turbinates (which are hollow spaces inside ) or frontal sinuses. In the diagnosis of fungal infection should be investigated, then different elements: the history of the sick person, the study of distribution and the frequency with which the disease occurs, the presence of factors that predispose to infection itself (as the state of general debility or history of pathological episodes), and finally the physiological status of the dog being treated.We shall ensure, during the veterinary examination, clinical signs also. In particular, we observe the appearance of round skin lesions, rashes that look and easily flakes off, the absence of localized and diffuse hair loss, possibly accompanied by itching. Finally, in support of the whole, it is useful to an examination of the lesion by Wood's lamp.This is a light source that radiates ultraviolet rays and is used when the lesions have not yet been treated with medicines or disinfectants. All material obtained from these tests should be added to the results of microscopic analysis of material taken from the infected skin, and those derived by culture through the use of land that allow the cultivation of the fungus and thus the microscopic identification.Of central importance with regard to the last two tests is the correct pick the material to be analyzed: the removal is planned, with a sterile scalpel, a small suburban area not yet treated the injury. For sterilization of the area to remove the veterinarian normally use denatured alcohol, then pulls the hair and skin crusted and collects the material required observation or culture.The schedule, therefore, to obtain a complete diagnosis and safe, in the light of all the points listed, is never less than five - ten days. Although it may seem obvious, is not always easy to see if our dog is weaker than usual. Usually, in fact, his "feel good" give us relief, rather than worry. A good precaution to avoid problems related to fungal infection, but ultimately proves to be very good for combating and preventing any kind of ailment, is to take extra care of our dog food. We advise against low quality food as well as those too high in sugar or chemicals (dyes and preservatives in the first place).L? Adding a 1 / 4 teaspoon of flax oil once a day can be a good preventive method. If then we realize that our favorite probably contracted the fungus from a very short time we groped to stem from the very beginning the problem by cutting the hair around the infected area and "doctoring" the skin with essential oil of eucalyptus and thyme. Another natural remedy is to first tap the damaged skin with three drops of Melaleuca along with a teaspoon of shampoo mixed with neutral shampoo for animals.To avoid further damage, however, to the best solution is to run from your veterinarian, because each is a fungal specific treatment and only your doctor can prescribe the right one for our case. Why not always a cure, perhaps remembered from a previous time, applies the same way. In addition to worry and alarm the fact that, as we have seen, the fungus is not always limited to the skin but can also affect internal organs, and in this case the owner as attentive to your dog, not able to notice.The prescribed treatment for fungal infection of the dog may be topical or systemic. It is said when the topical medication is applied directly to the vet indicated the affected area with lotions, ointments or poultices. Mycosis localized in the dog may be sufficient to use only this therapy with the use of products based on itraconazole, ketoconazole, and miconazole enilconazole.Systemic therapy rather concerns the interaction between dog and master, and can be seen, in a nutshell as emotional and psychological therapy. The vet prescribes when topical treatment alone is not enough. These two steps can add other drug therapy (if necessary) and dietary supplementation. Socio-emotional therapy should not be underestimated in a sick dog because it is the only one that allows him to go back to being brisk and alert as before the illness and mend the relationship of respect and trust with its owner which, unfortunately, during disease, may be seen by the dog as an enemy, having to treat and touch the injured and sore, and having to be administered, often by force, medicines.